Daily Dawn Vocabulary

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (06 April 2021)

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (06 April 2021)
Shahzad F. Malik
Written by Shahzad F. Malik

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Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning
April 06, 2021


Arbitrary (adjective) بے قاعدہ، خودمختار، من مانا

based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.
Example: “an arbitrary decision”
Synonyms: capricious, whimsical, random, chance, erratic, unpredictable, inconsistent, wild
Antonyms: rational, reasoned


Shamble (verb) لڑکھڑا کر چلنا، پاﺅں گھسیٹ کر چلنا

(of a person) move with a slow, shuffling, awkward gait.
Example: “he shambled off down the corridor”
Synonyms: shuffle, lumber, totter, dodder, stumble, scuff/drag one’s feet, hobble, limp
Antonyms: run, sprint, bound, dapper


Salvage (verb) خطرے سے بچانا، بازیافت

rescue (a wrecked or disabled ship or its cargo) from loss at sea.
Example: “an emerald and gold cross was salvaged from the wreck”
Synonyms: rescue, save, recover, retrieve, raise, reclaim, get back, restore, reinstate
Antonyms: chaff, deadwood, debris, dreck


Spur (noun) اکسانے والی بات، آر،مہمیز

a thing that prompts or encourages someone; an incentive.
Example: “wars act as a spur to practical invention”
Synonyms: stimulus, incentive, encouragement, stimulant, stimulation, inducement, impetus
Antonyms: disincentive, discouragement


Envisage (verb) گمان کرنا، تصور کرنا، سوچنا

contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event.
Example: “the Rome Treaty envisaged free movement across frontiers”
Synonyms: foresee, predict, forecast, foretell, anticipate, expect, think likely, envision, intend
Antonyms: actual, existent, existing


Obdurate (adjective) ضدی، بدکار، سنگدلی

stubbornly refusing to change one’s opinion or course of action.
Example: “I argued this point with him, but he was obdurate”
Synonyms: stubborn, obstinate, unyielding, unbending, inflexible, intransigent, implacable, pig-headed
Antonyms: amenable, compliant, malleable, tractable


Debunk (verb) بے نقاب کرنا، پول کھولنا

expose the falseness or hollowness of (an idea or belief).
Example: “she debunks all the usual rubbish about acting”
Synonyms: explode, deflate, puncture, quash, knock the bottom out of, expose, show in its true light
Antonyms: confirm


Obscenity (noun) بےہودگی، فحاشی، بے شرمی

the state or quality of being obscene.
Example: “the book was banned for obscenity”
Synonyms: indecency, immorality, impropriety, salaciousness, smuttiness, smut, lewdness, rudeness
Antonyms: decency, blessing, compliment, delight


Iterate (verb) دہرانا، چکر

perform or utter repeatedly.
Example: “the bird’s call is a monotonously iterated single note”
Synonyms: repeat, recapitulate, go through again, go over again, run through again, rehearse
Antonyms: halt, confuse, forget, hide, cease


Volatile (adjective) بدلتے مزاج والا، کافور صفت

(of a substance) easily evaporated at normal temperatures.
Example: “volatile solvents such as petroleum ether, hexane, and benzene”
Synonyms: evaporative, vaporous, vaporescent, explosive, eruptive, inflammable, unstable
Antonyms: stable, calm


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Shahzad F. Malik

Shahzad F. Malik

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